Incontinence can be caused by several medical problems which include diabetes or weak pelvic muscles. For women, drying and thinning of the skin in the vaginal area or the urethra causes incontinence especially after menopause. For men, the enlarging of the prostate gland or some prostate surgeries may be the main cause of incontinence. Although incontinence can affect both genders it mostly affects women.
If the pelvic muscles are weakened, a person will be prone to incontinence. This has been the cause of incontinence for many people. There are also some medicines that may cause or trigger incontinence. Consult with your doctor before taking any over-the-counter medicines. Certain medications and antibiotics can cause unwanted side effects such as incontinence.
The build-up of stool in the bowel may also affect a person thus causing incontinence. If a person is unable to move around freely, he may experience incontinence. A simple urinary tract infection may lead to incontinence. Also, those people who have high calcium levels and problems such as diabetes are candidates for incontinence.
It is mostly adults who experience incontinence. This occurs when the bladder contractions have overcome the muscles that are forming a ring around the urethra in order to keep it closed. Defects in the nerves of the brain might lead to incontinence developing. These nerves control the bladder activity and if they are not functioning properly there is a knock-on effect on other areas in the body. This situation can be caused by a stroke, Parkinson’s disease, or other conditions that damage the brain.
If the bladder is irritated, it might cause spasms which are not normal. This happens frequently with bladder stones, bladder cancer, and tract infections. This can also be caused by the blockages and tumors found in the colon which pushes it up through the bladder.
If the normal reflexes are lost, the motion of emptying the bladder could be impaired. This can be experienced by those who are experiencing problems with the nerves that lead through the bladder. Also, from the damages due to the tumors and spinal cord that presses on the nerves. The loss of the normal voiding reflex can be affected.
The most frequent situation in older adults is unrestrained contractions of the bladder that build up without other serious fundamental illness or cause.
It is important to understand the causes of incontinence so that you can identify them and try to avoid them. Incontinence may be quite difficult to cure so the proper actions should be practiced. Since women are more prone to incontinence, they should be especially watchful for the first signs of incontinence.